Carbine Rifles- Some of the most popular rifles these days are carbine rifles. Police agencies are now starting to carry carbine rifles instead of shotguns for several reasons. A carbine rifle is a rifle with a short barrel that is light in weight, giving it mobility. Often, it has been adapted from a full-size rifle and has the same caliber, but less range. This article provides an overview of carbine rifles and talks about some specific carbine rifles.
What Is a Carbine Rifle?
Carbines were originally developed for cavalry, with their shorter length and lighter weight making them easier to maneuver and use effectively on horseback. As armed forces transportation has changed to enclose vehicles, such as APCs (Armored Personnel Carriers) or helicopters, the need for weapons to fit these situations also made a smaller, lighter firearm desirable.
What Are Carbine Rifles Used For?
The use of a carbine rifle depends on its action and caliber. As a version of a .22 caliber autoloading LR rifle, one might expect to use if for small game hunting, plinking, and target shooting. As a semi- or fully-automatic M4 or M4 Type Carbine, one might expect to see it used by law enforcement personnel.
The Ruger 10/22 Carbine
A carbine rifle may have an independent design or be a variant in a line of rifles. For example, the Ruger 10/22, a long-range rimfire rifle is offered in five standard models: Carbine, Compact, Sporter, Tactical, and Target. The Carbine is not siply a compact rifle. It differs from the Compact version in that it is 3 inches longer overall, the barrel length is 1.38 inches longer, and the length of pull is 1.25” longer, but the Carbine is still 1.5 inches shorter than the Target version. Ruger had made PC4 rifle carbines (Police Carbine) which took 9x19mm Parabellum or .40 S&W cartridges, but these rifles are no longer in production.
The Robinson Armament Carbines
Another out-of-production carbine rifle is the Robinson Armament M96 Recon Carbine, for which Robinson Armaments still supplies parts. It is 4.05 inches shorter than the standard size M96 Expeditionary Rifle and 0.58 pounds lighter. It was made to fire .223 Remington (5.56 NATO) cartridges. There was also a M96 California Recon Carbine that was allowed to be sold without a pistol grip. Robinson Armament also made the M96 RAV02 7.62 x 39 mm Military Carbine with a folding stock and a 30 round magazine capacity.
The Colt M4
Both law enforcement officers and military personnel use the Colt M4 Carbine, which take NATO 5.56 mm (.223 Remington) cartridges. The rifles are 33 inches long with the stock extended, and 29.8 inches with the stock retracted, and they weigh 5.9 lbs. . They have a 30-round magazine capacity, which—when full—adds 1 lb to the weight, a muzzle velocity of 2900 ft/sec, and an effective range of 600 m (656.2 yds). The rifle has a 3-position selector for Safe, Semi-automatic, and Fully-automatic firing. It is made to accept an M203 40mm Grenade launcher, and includes a muzzle compensator. The cartridge case deflector works for both right-hand and left-hand shooting. The sliding buttstock has four available positions to accommodate users of different sizes, as well as a variety of firing positions.